IoT apps and IoT-based products are at the pinnacle of success today. More and more companies are going to implement IoT products and all this leads to a lack of professional, experienced, and qualified developers, able to bring this project into reality. The market is continually evolving and requires more top-notch, scalable, and user-friendly solutions. And in this post, we’ll take a deeper look at all the challenges for IoT projects. If you are engaged in IoT development, this post might come in handy!
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Compatibility with Operating Systems
Before the new IoT app development project begins, a few technical aspects should be taken into consideration. Firstly, the team must do an essential task – to evaluate IoT devices they are going to work with. The thing is that IoT devices are less powerful than traditional desktops and have small memory capacity. All this makes developers choose the most suitable operating system that should suit the requirements of its functionality and the main capabilities of the device. Today, IoT developers mostly opt for Linux for gateways and microcontrollers.
Choosing the Best IoT Platform
You will hardly find a programmer who wants to build the software from scratch. It is time-consuming to reinvent the wheel all the time. And this is where the use of IoT platforms might come in handy as such tools feature a set of options able to bring physical objects online. The modern platform market is overloaded with a wide array of solutions but you should beware that the chosen platform provides connectivity, usability, scalability, and guarantees safety.
That’s another challenge faced by developers while building IoT apps. The thing is that IoT devices can be used for a wide array of purposes. For instance, if this device is used for insulin pumps, it is clear that testing should be precise. Even inconspicuous faults can lead to serious after-effects.
Therefore, developers need to be very attentive to this issue and integrate security testing into the development cycle. To speed up this process, they need to use modules that don’t require testing with absolutely each release. One can also use protocols that have already been tested and will surely remain unchanged for the next releases.
What’s more, developers should also check the compatibility and usability of the IoT app. Providing technical support for the app after the release is also a superb solution!
Cross-Platform Development Is Complicated
The thing is that the IoT ecosystem includes a wide array of devices with various protocols, architectures, and operating systems. But the main challenge is that all these variables should work seamlessly and be compatible with each other. To tackle that challenge, specific rules were built for developers and they must always follow them. Programmers must follow open standards and architecture models for cross-platform development. For successful operation, IoT services must always leverage these practices to ensure successful interconnected communication.
Finding the Right Gateways
It goes without saying that IoT gateways are mandatory tools that connect all the elements. Let’s take a deeper look at this issue. The thing is that modern devices have different connectivity platforms and we all know that WiFi, Bluetooth, and various serial ports come with absolutely different energy profiles. And gateways serve as a connector between IoT sensors and the cloud, making the whole IoT ecosystem depend on them.
The main goal of IoT developers is to find and choose the right gateways that can meet the requirements of a certain project. Intelligent gateways, developed by Intel, Dell Technologies, and Nexcom have a wide array of common options and can surely make the work of programmers easier. They only need to find the right gateway that suits the requirements of a certain IoT app. To choose the right tool, programmers have to consider memory capacities, network specifications, power rating, and some other parameters. Programmers should bear in mind that safe and credible communication between various devices should be smooth. Though IoT adoption is rapidly growing, IoT software development is still quite challenging. In current times, IoT developers need to be attentive to details and consider a wide array of issues that might influence app performance. Following the generally accepted standards for building IoT apps allow programmers to tackle all these challenges. Nevertheless, IoT is still a new field and the common development standards are still in progress, but we hope that very soon, everything will get better and IoT developers won’t face all these challenges while building IoT apps.